Mexico is a country with more than a fair share of hummingbirds. You’ll invariably find all hummingbird species in the country, and also some exclusive ones. The bird is such an integral part of the country that a hummingbird festival takes place in San Miguel de Allende every year. Since it would not be possible to discuss all the species of hummingbirds found in Mexico, we’ll throw light on the ones that are endemic or native to the country and/or also endangered.
A member of the Trochilidae family, long-tailed sabrewings have a longer-than-normal tail and are usually found in southern Mexico. The bird is at times called Tuxtla sabrewing since it’s found in abundance in Veracruz’s Sierra de los Tuxtlas mountain range. Due to habitat loss, this species falls in the ‘endangered’ category.
As its name indicates, the golden-crowned emerald’s plumage is iridescent emerald green. It leads a fairly sedentary lifestyle, which could be the reason why it’s not endangered. The bird has multiple habitats in the country, primarily along the western coast. The golden-crowned emerald’s presence is so widespread that you’ll find it in Durango (in the north) and also Morelos (the inlands), for instance.
The Cozumel emerald is another green-coloured hummingbird. As the name suggests, it’s native to Cozumel, which is a Caribbean island off the Cancun coast. If you’d like to have a glimpse of this petite bird and its smooth forked tail, and listen to its chattering and rattling calls, you would have to take a boat.
Extremely cute, but endangered, short-crested coquettes are diminutive hummingbirds. Though the name indicates the bird comes with a crest, it’s just the male variants that sport the natural, fluffy headwear. Unlike other species on this list, you may find it a bit difficult to spot the bird, since its habitat is 25 kilometres near a road in Sierra Madre del Sur in Guerrero.
Generally, the dusky hummingbird sports dusky green, brown and grey feathers and a strikingly red beak. It’s usually found in southwestern Mexico, though it can be seen spreading its wings across Guerrero and Oaxaca and also venturing into certain regions of Puebla and Michoacan.
At times considered a stripe-tailed hummingbird species, blue-capped hummingbirds are considered endangered due to yet another habitat loss. This petite green bird can be currently seen only in southwestern Mexico, primarily in Oaxaca’s remote mountain range of Sierra de Miahuatlan. It’s dwelling area is one of the reasons why it’s called Oaxaca hummingbird at times.
Like blue-capped hummingbirds, the white-tailed hummingbird is usually looked at as stripe-tailed hummingbird’s subspecies. Though not endangered yet, the bird falls in the ‘vulnerable species’ classification. Typically found in a small habitat patch in Oaxaca and Guerrero, the bird’s patterned tail plumage is noteworthy.
The Mexican woodnymph is usually found in western Mexico – particularly Jalisco, Colima and Nayarit. It fancies tropical and subtropical habitats. Like the white-tailed hummingbird, the Mexican woodnymph isn’t endangered yet, but it’s not completely out of danger either. The colors green and grey adorn the bird’s top and bottom, respectively, with the feathers on the tail being bluish.